Lesson Plan 1

                        Lesson 1 – KWL

Subject:   Mathematics                                               Level:  Grade 3

Topic:   Multiplication                                               Time:   45 minutes


Power point, K (what we know) W (what we want to learn) L (what we have learned) KWL charts, multiplication chart

Instructional Objectives:

By the end of the class, students will be able to:

  1. express their ideas about what they know about the topic
  2. ask what they want to know more about the topic
  3. discuss what they have learned
  4. identify important facts about multiplication


The lesson is about the meaning of multiplication. The teacher is going to facilitate with the use of the new strategy which is called KWL strategy. The teacher is going to test the knowledge of the students about the general facts about multiplication by helping or assisting and organizing the thoughts of the students through asking questions. Students were given assignment to read about multiplication a day before the lesson.


      Teacher’s Activity                Students’ Activity
1. Teacher greets the students

      “Good afternoon class.”

Students response happily and politely.

“Good afternoon ma’am Lily.”

2. Teacher puts up the KWL chart on the board.

 “ This afternoon we are going to learn      a new strategy which is called KWL. K stands for what you know, W  stands for what do you want to learn, and L stands for what you have learned.”


Students wait patiently and listen attentively.

3. Teacher asks the students what they  know about the topic and writes them in the K column.

     “ Today, we will learn about  multiplication. Can you tell me what do you know about multiplication?


Students mention specific knowledge they know about the topic.

4. Teacher asks the students about what they want to know about the topic and write them in the W column.

  “This time, let us discuss what do you  want to know more about  multiplication?  Perhaps there more things that you want to more.”


Students eagerly express what is in their thoughts.

5. Teacher discusses and views some important facts about the topic in a PowerPoint presentation.

“Now, let us check if what you have shared as what you know about  multiplication is being discussed in the slides at the same time let us see if we could find answers to your questions. 

  “Now, what have you learned? Have you learned something new today   about multiplication? Anyone can tell me what you have  learned?”

Students listen attentively and read when he or she is called to do so.



If it is written or if their questions are being answered students read the exact point where it is stated or mention.

Students raise their hands and tell what they have learned.


6. Teacher rechecks the KWL chart and  identifies given thoughts that are not answered.

“This time, for those items that we we’re not able to answer, copy them and  answer them at home as your assignments. You may ask your parents, siblings, or search in Google to find the answers and we will discuss them next meeting.”



Students copy their assignments.



  1. Do a research about the items that were not answered.
  2. Read page 256
  3. Prepare for a short quiz next meeting

Lesson Material


UXL Encyclopedia of Science

COPYRIGHT 2002 The Gale Group, Inc.


Multiplication is often described as repeated addition. For example, the product 3 x 4 is equal to the sum of three 4s: 4+4+4.


In talking about multiplication, several terms are used. In the expression 3 x 4, the entire expression, whether it is written as 3 x 4 or as 12, is called the product. In other words, the answer to a multiplication problem is the product. In the original expression, the numbers 3 and 4 are each called multipliers, factors, or terms. At one time, the words multiplication and multiplier were used to indicate which number got multiplied and which number did the multiplying. That terminology has now fallen into disuse. Now the term multiplier applies to either number.

Multiplication is symbolized in three ways: with an x, as in 3 x 4: with a centered dot, as in 3.4; and by writing the numbers next to each other, as in 3(4), (3)(4), 5x, or (x+y)(x-y).

Words to Know

Factor              : A number used as a multiplier in a product.

Multiplier        : One of two or more numbers combined by multiplication to form a       product

Product           : The result of multiplying two or more numbers.


Multiplication is used in almost every aspect of our daily lives. Suppose you want to buy three cartoons of eggs, each containing a dozen eggs, at 79 cents per cartoon. You can find the total number of eggs purchased (3cartoons times 12 eggs per cartoon = 36 eggs) and the cost of the purchase (3 cartoons at 79 cents per cartoon = $2.37). Specialized professions use multiplication in an endless variety of ways. For example, calculating the speed with which the Space Shuttle will lift off its launch pad involves untold numbers of multiplication calculations.


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